All About Kabaddi and its History

Kabaddi, the game which came into the limelight for the past 5 years; is a sport that requires a lot of physical strength, great reflex, and a lot of mental capabilities. This game is played in most countries, especially in India as this specific sport doesn’t require any types of equipment to play.

Kabaddi is a contact sport in which there are two teams in a match, consisting of seven players on each side. The field is divided into two parts, one side is defensive (Antis) and another side is offensive (Raider). In this sport, attacking is an individual process, and defending is a group process.

The main aim of the sport is raider attacks antis while chanting “Kabaddi-2” without taking a break to breathe. If the breach broke, the antis get a point and if the raider is successful in touching players of antis and got back to its team’s side, the raiders’ team gets a point.
The role of both teams keeps switching depending on which team is attacking.

History of Kabaddi

Kabaddi was originated in India precisely in Tamil Nadu, further, it developed in northern parts like Punjab, being the most important region.
The first official game of Kabaddi was played in Maharashtra between 1950 to 1920. Kabaddi got international exposure in the year 1936, Berlin Olympics, after that it was also introduced in Indian national Games, Calcutta in the year 1938.

In the year 1950, the All India Kabaddi Federation (AIKF) was formed and gave it nationwide recognition. In 2004, The International Kabaddi Federation (IKF) was formed and took the sport to a global level like Canada and Germany joining as members.
Kabaddi is a game that involves both body and mind. It needs quick movements, holding breath, and high attention which means your body and mind both should work in absolute coordination. This game is designed for the overall exercise of both body and mind.

Physical strengths required in Kabaddi

As players do whatever they can to prevent a player from returning to his side of the team. Players acting as raiders hold their breath all the time. Hence, physical benefits are as – Endurance, Running, Dodging, Kicking, and Defensive Skills.

Mental strengths required in Kabaddi

The raider has to enter his opponents’ side by singing the word “Kabaddi” while holding his breath all the time, which is closely related to the ‘Pranayam’ of Yoga. This helps in an inner strength that allows you to overcome fear, frustration, and challenges of life every day.


This game requires multitasking and people who multitask are typically seen as efficient and effective. It requires team management, analysis, and understanding of the strategy.

Hence, enhance the presence of mind. For a single player to fight against seven opponents is no small task. It requires daring as well as the ability to concentrate, analyzing your moves, and act quickly at the right time. This increases your attentiveness of mind, also. Lastly, it also helps with growing the right spirit.

How Pro Kabaddi introduced and how it helped Players

Kabaddi was an indigenous sport and India has a record as world champions and yet, the sport and its players have never been recognized or got popular in India.

Influenced by the popularity of the Kabaddi tournament at the Asian Games, in the year 2006, Miss Charu Sharma, founder of Mashal Sports, introduced Pro Kabaddi League in the year 2014. The Pro Kabaddi League used a franchise-based model, started with eight teams, to be played on Caravan-basis where joining fees was Dollar 2,50,000.

There were many voices rising over the success of the Pro Kabaddi League as there were relatively fewer well-known players in India. However, Kabaddi is a sport in India which was widely played in villages or grassroots community, so there was a hope that it could attract rural people. As a result of Season-1, it got a total 435 million viewership leaving behind the total viewership of the 2014 Indian Premier League.

Later, season-2 was broadcasted on Star Sports announcing that it would acquire a 74% stake in Mashal Sports, in the year 2015. In the year 2017, Pro Kabaddi League added four new teams and changed the format to splitting the teams into “zones”.

Rural sport like Kabaddi was seeing 60% of Pro Kabaddi League’s viewership from urban areas. Once the money started flowing in, there was no pause and stops. It becomes the highest viewership growth over four seasons in any sports league in India. Seeing such popularity growth, the organizers did not want to leave any chance. Bollywood Star Abhishek Bachchan was the only celebrity in the first season, but later seasons witnessed high profile Bollywood Stars, for example, Amitabh Bachchan’s song “Le Panga” was hugely famous. After that, it had Aamir Khan, Shahrukh Khan, and Salman Khan.

Pro Kabaddi league inspired many. It gave Kabaddi and its players an identity in India and helped many players to build a stable career in this sport.

Pro Kabaddi top teams and top players

It’s a pleasure to eyes when we see the world’s top Kabaddi players being shuffled into different teams and then completing for one title.
All the teams give their best to get the title in every season but there has been one team which has dominated this tournament, Patna Pirates have been the most successful team in this tournament and has won 3 titles which is an amazing number.

But last season Patna Pirates was unable to get the title and last season’s title of Pro Kabaddi champion was won by Bengal Warriors which was the first title for this team.

Raiding against other teams is one of the most heroic steps and there have been many raiders who have impressed the audiences with their raiding skills, some of them are-

Pawan Sehrawat from Bengaluru Bulls has performed well and established his name as a good raider who can get some valuable and match-winning points for their team.

Pradeep Narwal from Patna Pirates already holds multiple records and has played a vital role in getting a three-time title for his team.

How Many Players in Kabaddi

Everyone wants to know that how many players in kabaddi with playing squad and bench. so here is the answer – each team has 10 players but the maximum number of players could be 12 in kabaddi. At the match, 7 players in the playing squad, and 3-5 players on the bench but the bench players are also in included playing squad as substitutes.

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